The City That Never Sleeps, the Big Apple, Gotham -- NYC by any name is a unique place. With a population of 8.2 million packed into more than 300 square miles, New York City is run by the mayor and 51 city council members (elected to four-year terms) along with the public advocate, comptroller, and presidents of the five boroughs. The city government is responsible for welfare services, public education, water supply/sanitation, correctional institutions, recreational facilities, public safety, and libraries. It uses about $68 billion a year to manage those departments. First settled by Europeans around 1614, New York took its current name when the English conquered it in 1664.
Tourism, media production, and construction reached records levels for the city in 2011. NYC & Company, a tourism partnership for the City of New York, works to attract some 50 million tourists who annually spend about $32 billion. Through such efforts as brokering between local vendors and media production companies and media career development programs, the City of New York helps to attract about $5 billion in annual media industry expenditures. And while the number of construction permits rose about 8% in 2011 compared with 2010, the City of New York's Department of Buildings worked to decrease construction-related accidents by 18% over the same period. Also in the construction sector, the City launched a $250 million project in 2012 to dig a new water transmission main between Staten Island and Brooklyn. – less