Part of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Metro-North Commuter Railroad carries passengers between New York City and its New York and Connecticut suburbs. The company, known as MTA Metro-North Railroad or Metro-North, covers 775 miles of track and serves a ridership of about 82 million. Three of the company's lines operate from Grand Central Terminal in New York City; the other two operate from Hoboken, New Jersey. Metro-North Railroad serves more than 120 stations in seven counties in New York State (Bronx, Dutchess, New York, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, and Westchester) and two in Connecticut (Fairfield and New Haven). Metro-North operates with an annual budget of more than $600 million.
As part of the largest service expansion in Metro-North's history, the company is adding 230 trains a week, mostly for weekend and off-peak non-commuter travel, which has been growing faster than AM-peak inbound travel. Recent improvement projects undertaken by Metro-North include the $10.5 million replacement of the Park Avenue bridge in 2011 and the $145,000 refurbishment of two bridges in Mount Vernon. In the IT realm Metro-North is testing an application for purchasing tickets on iPhone, Android, or BlackBerry phones. The electronic ticket appearing on a smartphone screen can be checked by a conductor visually or scanned by a conductor's handheld device.