The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, known as SEPTA, provides passenger transportation services in the Philadelphia area. The agency's operations include buses, subways and elevated trains, trolleys, and light rail and commuter rail lines. All together, SEPTA maintains more than 300 stations and bus terminals, chiefly in five Pennsylvania counties (Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia) and in the neighboring states of Delaware and New Jersey. Its territory spans some 2,200 sq. mi. The Pennsylvania legislature established SEPTA in 1964, and over the years the agency has acquired the assets of several for-profit transportation companies that operated in the region.
SEPTA plans to add 440 hybrid diesel-electric buses as well as 120 energy-efficient Silverliner V rail cars to its fleet by 2014. (Silverliner cars are equipped with an energy-saving propulsion system, which regenerates energy each time conductors brake.) The agency is also dedicating funds to renovating and rebuilding its transit system, some of which were constructed in the early 20th century.
Leveraging a portion of its $466.5 million operating budget and $716.8 million in federal, state, and local government subsidies, SEPTA has launched dozens of development projects to improve its system's infrastructure. The projects include refurbishing subway stations, renovating regional rail stations, and installing new track and signals. SEPTA hopes to receive an additional $300 million from stimulus funds for additional projects. – less