From dunce to dean's list, there are three letters every high school student must learn: S, A, and T (those on the dean's list also probably know A and P). Who is responsible for making those letters so infamous? Why, The College Board, of course. The not-for-profit association owns and administers the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT), College-Level Examination Program (CLEP), and the Advanced Placement Program (AP) at high schools nationwide. It also offers guidance counseling, financial aid, student assessment, standardized testing, and professional development courses. The College Board was founded in 1900; its members include nearly 6,000 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational institutions.
The College Board's services reach more than 7 million students at 23,000 high schools and 3,800 colleges in the US and abroad. In 2010 the association administered more than 3 million SAT exams and another 3.2 million AP exams.
Also in 2010 The College Board launched the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center to study the connection between policy, research, and real-world experience and how each can be leveraged to help further education reform efforts. The center is engaged in a number of advocacy initiatives aimed at improving academic standards and supporting educators. It also seeks ways to improve college affordability and increase awareness of financial aid options among students and their families.
The College Board was created by a group of colleges as a way to expand access to higher education. The SAT (originally called the College Boards) was formed to help colleges and universities identify "deserving" students through shared entrance exams. – less