UNICEF began working to help children around the world when it was created by the United Nations in 1946. The organization strives to protect children's rights and help children who are victims of war, poverty, disasters, and exploitation. UNICEF's focus areas include child survival and development, child protection, education and gender equality, and HIV/AIDS prevention. The group is active in more than 190 countries and has offices in about 125. It boasts representatives from 36 countries that oversee UNICEF as executive board members. Its budget comes from governments and individual contributions and from the sale of products such as greeting cards.
After a five-year stint as the executive director of UNICEF, Ann Veneman stepped down in April 2010. Veneman was replaced in May 2010 by Anthony Lake, previously former US President Bill Clinton's national security adviser and confidant to current US President Barack Obama. – less