Though its primary goal is to promote humanitarianism, the United Nations (UN) is much more than a peace and love cultural movement. Comprising 192 member countries (nearly every country in the world), the UN works toward maintaining international peace and security and finding solutions for global economic and humanitarian problems. It conducts its mission through several main bodies: General Assembly (main deliberative body), Economic and Social Council, International Court of Justice (settles legal disputes between states), Secretariat (day-to-day operations), Security Council (manages international peace and security operations), and Trusteeship Council (oversees a handful of trust territories).
The UN is headquartered in New York City and has offices in Geneva and Vienna. There are more than a dozen ongoing UN peacekeeping operations around the globe. The official languages of the UN are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.
Established in 1945 in the wake of World War II, the organization was born after the UN Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the UK, the US, and a majority of other signatory countries. – less