Usually the position requires a bachelor's in the life sciences or nursing as it would be an easier transition for someone with knowledge of medical terminology or understanding of biological pathways. However, some CRCs do have a non-science bachelor's such as in English or Philosophy. But these people tend to aspire to obtain a nursing degree or another health-related certification.
Once 2 years has been completed as a CRC, certification with either ACRP or SoCRA is another way to develop professionally.
Others who are looking to break into the field have opted to take professional certification courses from academic institutions that offer an extension program in clinical research.