How To Use Excel IF AND Statements (Plus Definition)

By Indeed Editorial Team

Published April 8, 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

In Excel, you can combine the IF function with the AND function to help you test results for true and false results. You may find this function useful if you desire assistance from the program to make decisions for you with your data. Understanding the function of an IF AND statement can help you use the program to complete your tasks more efficiently. In this article, we discuss what an Excel IF AND statement is, including when you can use it and how to use it with step-by-step instructions for when you're using the program.

Related: How To Make a Checklist in Excel (With Tips and FAQ)

What is an Excel IF, AND statement?

An Excel IF, AND statement is a combination of using the IF function and the AND function when two or more ideas are true. You can use the IF function and the AND function together as a test to determine if an outcome is true or false. This is helpful if you're searching charts in your spreadsheet for specific file size and color because the program can populate a TRUE statement for you. Here's the IF, AND statement formula you can use:

AND - =IF(AND(Something is True, Something else is True), Value if True, Value if False

For example, if you select the color green and large file size, the program shows you the files matching your request and marks the chart box with an X. Additionally, if the program can't find a TRUE statement, the program returns a FALSE statement, which means there are no matching files for your request.

Related: How to Auto-Populate Dates in Excel (With Tips and FAQ)

When to use the IF, AND statement?

You can use an IF, AND statement when you want to guide the program into generating results and deciding based on specific criteria. By using these two functions together, you can determine if each statement value is true or false. This feature is also helpful when you want to make comparisons of your data. When you're making comparisons in your spreadsheet, you can use this function to gather all the information at once. This means you can find all the true statements and all the false statements using two formulas.

Using this function can help you save time and become more efficient when using the program, because the program finds all the statements at once. Here are a few examples of instances you can use an IF, AND statement:

  • Payment notices

  • Pass or fail tests

  • Sales and bonus commissions

Related: How To Make a Chart in Excel (With Step-by-Step Instructions)

How to use the IF, AND statement

Here are some steps you can follow when using an IF, AND statement in a spreadsheet program:

1. Understand the IF function and the AND function

To get started combining the statements, it's important to understand what each function does and how they work together when connected. Here's how you can use them:

The IF function

The IF function can help you use three arguments. Arguments in the program are values that functions use to create calculations to return a result. The first argument you can use is the logical argument, which is the first logical value to evaluate conditions and determine if a statement is true. To use this argument, type it into the formula bar at the top of the program's window, labeled with "fx" and use the syntax function:


The second argument you can use is logical argument two, which is used when the first argument generates a true result. When using logical argument two, you can use a different condition to determine if a statement is still true. To use this argument, type this syntax function into the formula bar:


The third and final argument is when the program generates a false result and it's optional. To use this argument, type this syntax function into the formula bar:


The AND function

You can use the AND function to test several conditions at a time to determine if they're true or false. The maximum amount of conditions you can check at once is 255. When you use this function, the conditions can be constants, cell references, arrays or logical expressions. A condition in the program is an expression evaluating if a statement is true or false. It works to determine if the value in the cell is greater than, less than or equal to a specified value. To use this function, type this syntax function into the formula bar:

= AND (logical 1, [logical 2])

2. Type the IF, THEN statement function into the formula bar

After you understand the functions of IF and AND, you can type the combination formula in the formula bar. Here's the generic formula you can use when two or more conditions are TRUE.

= IF(AND(condition1, condition2,…), value_if_true, value_if_false)

Related: How To Insert an Excel Checkbox (With Benefits and Types)

Alternative ways to use IF, AND statements

Here are a couple of different ways you can use IF, AND statements:

1. Conditional formatting

You can use conditional formatting with the IF, AND statement. Conditional formatting in the program is when you can change the appearance of the cells based on if they're true or false based on the criteria you set. If the values are true, the program formats the cells. Then, if the values are false, the program won't format the cells. This can help you if you're a visual learner because you can see the changes occurring. Here's how you can perform this task:

  1. Launch the program and open your spreadsheet

  2. Go to the "Home" tab

  3. Click on "Conditional Formatting," and select "New Rule"

  4. Choose the "Use a formula to determine which cells to format," option from the box labeled "Select a Rule Type"

  5. Go down to the box labeled "Edit the Rule Description" where you can type in the formula that you want to change if they're true

  6. Review the formatting in the "Preview" box and select "OK" when you're done.

When using the conditional formatting option, it's important to remember to include the equal sign in your formula and to remove any quotation marks from the statement. By doing this, you can help ensure the program can generate the results properly.

2. Nested IF, AND statements

When you're using the program, you can use the nesting function to check several sets of data using many sets of criteria at the same time. It combines two IF, THEN statements to help you evaluate your data more efficiently. You can use nested IF, THEN statements by using the following formula:

IF(AND(…), output1, IF(AND(…), output2, IF(AND(…), output3, output)))

Here are a few examples of when you can use an IF, AND statement in your spreadsheets:

  • Converting scores to grades

  • Calculating sales commissions

  • Determining product prices based on the quantities

Please note that none of the companies mentioned in this article are affiliated with Indeed.

Explore more articles