If you're looking to secure a job in technology, it's helpful to acquire relevant technical skills. There are many different tech skills that are applicable to technology-related careers or jobs that use technology. Knowing the different skills and how you can use them to make yourself desirable for particular jobs can help you prepare your resume, perform well in an interview and start your career in technology.
In this article, we discuss what tech skills are and provide you with a list of top tech skills that are in demand.
What are tech skills?
Tech skills are hard skills that are necessary to perform specific job-related tasks. Technical skills involve specialized knowledge and expertise in information technology, computers, engineering, research, analytics, programming, marketing, design, security and computer science. These practical skills help you achieve in technology careers and careers that value technology-related knowledge and often include training in mechanics, mathematics, science and IT.
List of in-demand tech skills
Here's a list of 26 tech skills that are valuable in many different technology-based positions:
1. Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer or machine to mimic human intelligence, such as learning by experience or from repetition, solving problems, understanding and responding to language, making decisions and recognizing certain objects. Careers in AI include machine learning engineers, data scientists, business intelligence developers, research scientists and big data engineers or architects.
Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting or securing computer systems and networks from cyber attacks or digital interference that intends to access, change or destroy sensitive or confidential information or interrupt normal operations. Cybersecurity-focused jobs include systems engineer, network engineer or architect, software developer or engineer and cybersecurity analyst.
3. Cloud computing
Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services, such as data storage, networking, web servers, database management systems, marketing automation and business analytics over the Internet or the “cloud.” Cloud computing skills are useful in careers as a full stack developer, senior software engineer, cloud engineer, Java developer and software architect.
4. Software engineering
Software engineering is a form of computer science that applies engineering principles to the development of software. Software engineers can get jobs as IT consultants, game developers, multimedia programmers and web developers.
5. Software development
Software development is the process of using computer science principles and programming languages to create, test, debug and deploy all software and computer programs for client applications. Software development skills can assist you in your career as a web developer, database administrator, software developer or computer programmer.
6. Project management
Project management is leading a team to achieve goals and meet deadlines from the start of a project to its end-result. Project management skills are useful in careers as a consultant, software developer, computer engineer and information technologist. Project management skills are also desired in construction, energy, healthcare, marketing and consulting.
7. UI/UX design
UI refers to user interface design and UX refers to user experience design. Both design roles work closely together to create a functional and appealing experience for users or target customers. These specialized skills can help you in your career as a UI or UX designer, design lead or creative director.
8. Data analytics
Data analytics involves the process of storing, managing and using data to gain valuable information and insights. Jobs that use data analytics skills include business intelligence analysts, data analysts, data engineers, data analytics consultants and IT systems analysts.
9. Data science
Data science is multi-faceted, combining two or more academic disciplines, such as math, statistics, visualization, advanced computing, domain expertise, scientific method and data engineering. The practice of data science incorporates data mining, machine learning and big data and involves scientific methods, processes and algorithms to discover insightful ways to interpret and use structured and unstructured data. Data science skills can help you in a career as a data scientist, machine learning engineer, enterprise architect and statistician.
Programming uses a formal language to essentially tell a computer what to do or how to solve problems. Without programming, computers are unable to perform tasks of any kind. Jobs that use computer programming skills include computer systems engineers, business intelligence analysts, software application developers, database administrators and software quality assurance (QA) engineers.
11. Computer graphics
Computer graphics is the act of creating or manipulating digital images in the form of pixels drawn on a computer. Computer graphics skills are useful in UI design, animation, web design, video editing and graphic design.
12. Digital marketing
Digital marketing is advertising using digital technologies, such as desktop computers, laptops, tablets, mobile phones and other digital platforms. It's the act of using digital media channels, such as search engines, websites, email, social media and apps to deliver information and promote products, services and brands. Jobs that use digital marketing skills include content managers and strategists, SEO and SEM specialists, virtual reality developers, digital marketing managers and email marketing specialists.
Translation skills help you process programming languages, converting code from one computer language to another. Jobs that require computer translation skills include language engineers, intelligence analysts, data science consultants, geospatial analysts, IAM modelers, machine learning engineers and web content editors.
14. Mobile development
Mobile development involves development for mobile devices, such as building mobile applications. Understanding programming languages, such as HTML and CSS, is also an important part of working as a mobile developer. Other jobs that use mobile development skills include mobile software project coordinators and IOS developers.
Virtualization is the act of creating a simulated version of computer resources instead of a physical or actual version. You can virtualize computer hardware, operating systems, servers, network resources and storage devices. Careers in virtualization include virtualization engineers, support engineers, cloud engineers, instructional designers and system engineers.
16. Network maintenance
Network maintenance involves tasks needed to keep a network running properly. It includes the ability to troubleshoot problems and provide solutions, knowledge of hardware and software installation and configuration, monitoring and improving network performance, securing the network against threats and planning for network growth. Tech careers requiring network maintenance skills include network and computer systems administrators, IT networking instructors, integration developers, software and application engineers and computer maintenance technicians.
17. Business analysis
Business analysis helps identify and bring needed changes to organizations to improve processes. It also presents a plan for facilitating and managing changes. It's helpful to have business analysis skills for jobs as test analysts, project coordinators, subject matter experts, systems analysts, quality assurance engineers, technical writers and software developers.
18. People management
People management skills are soft skills that are necessary for communicating with and leading people. Character traits such as good communication, trust and patience help make up people management skills. People management skills are important for tech management roles and positions where you work closely with others, such as information technology project managers, computer systems analysts, UX designers, software sales and help desk technicians. Other jobs that value people management skills include public relations, human resources, administration and community service or government positions.
19. Technical writing
Technical writing is a type of specialized written communication intended to explain complicated concepts with simplified language. In technology, it might be creating computer hardware and software manuals or other instructional materials. UX writers are also considered technical writers. Additionally, technical writing is useful in engineering, chemistry, business, academia, robotics, finance, medical, biotechnology, marketing and consumer electronics. Technical writers in different fields draft white papers, case studies, how-to guides, research articles and employee handbooks.
Blockchain technology records information in a way that makes it difficult to change or hack. It is a digital ledger of transactions originally designed for the digital currency Bitcoin. It's grown to also be useful for crowdfunding, identity management, file storage, person-to-person payments and digital voting. Blockchain developers use blockchain skills in combination with skills in cryptography, data structures, algorithms and computer networking.
21. Quantum computing
Quantum computing requires algebraic skills to develop algorithms for computations based on quantum theory principles. Quantum theory is a part of modern physics that focuses on atomic particles. The idea of a quantum computer is that it's able to encode information in a qubit or quantum bit, which is smaller than a bit. Computers can currently only encode information in bits with a value of 1 or 0. Quantum computers are presently only a concept, but quantum technologies experts with quantum computing skills are important for continued research and modeling.
Robotics combines research in the areas of computer science and engineering to design, construct and operate robots. These robots are useful for different technological advances, such as in medicine, or to perform repetitive or hazardous tasks that humans typically execute. Jobs in robotics include robotics engineers, technicians, operators, sales engineers and robotics account managers.
Read more: Learn About Robotics Engineering
23. Video production
Video production is the creation of video content using digitally recorded images. Careers using video production skills include production assistants, camera operators, videographers, video editors, video production specialists, multimedia producers, studio technicians and video project managers.
24. Game development
Game development is the act of creating games using code. Developers start with a concept, then design, build, test and release games. Careers in game development include game designers, software developers, computer programmers, animators, audio engineers, translators, video game testers and technical support specialists.
25. Industrial design
Industrial design is designing mass amounts of products used in everyday life. Techniques used for manufacturing must incorporate considerations for technical performance, environmental concerns, human comfort and convenience and aesthetics for appearance and usefulness. Industrial design skills are helpful for careers as architects, art directors, desktop publishers, fashion designers, graphic designers, software developers and industrial engineers.
26. Audio production
Audio production involves the recording and use of audio that's edited and manipulated to sound a certain way or make a particular noise. It's often used in the background or as an overlay for music, film and television productions. Careers using audio production skills include production directors, audio/visual technicians, technology coordinators, acoustics engineers, systems administrators, video/audio webcast production technicians, sound designers, sound engineers, radio network operations managers, video editors and technical directors.
Plus 25 programming languages, database management systems and operating systems
It's helpful to have knowledge of different programming languages, database management systems and operating systems if you want a career in the tech field. Here's a list of 25 different types of programming languages, database management systems and operating systems:
Jobs in the technology industry
If you're interested in pursuing a career in the technology industry, here's a list of 10 interesting jobs you may consider: