5 Information Security Analyst Skills

By Indeed Editorial Team

May 13, 2021

Information security analysts have the important role of protecting an organization's information and computer systems from security threats. Great information security analysts can apply a variety of skills in both information technology and security. If you want to improve as an information security analyst, there are some specific skills that you can work on mastering. In this article, we explain the role of an information security analyst and five key skills needed for the job.

What is an information security analyst?

An information security analyst is a professional who protects an organization's information and computer systems from security threats. Information security analysts can also implement security protocols to monitor and protect computer systems. As technology continues to advance, information security threats also advance, making the role of information security analysts essential to organizations in keeping information safe.

Some of the typical responsibilities of an information security analyst include:

  • Installing and updating new software across the organization while adhering to security standards

  • Creating plans for information security, including developing employee best practices and guidelines for responding to security threats

  • Monitoring computer networks carefully, recognizing any suspicious activity and quickly responding to security threats

  • Preparing security incident reports and communicating security information to people at all levels of the organization

  • Performing security tests on the organization's computer network to spot potential security vulnerabilities or other issues

Information security analysts usually have at least a bachelor's degree in computer science, information technology or a related field, but some employers may even require their information security analysts to have a master's degree. Information security analysts can also earn information security certifications to improve their credentials and may also complete on-the-job training.

Related: 10 Best Information Security Certifications to Strengthen Your Career

5 key skills for information security analysts

Information security analysts often use a combination of hard and soft skills in their jobs, and they typically possess strong skills in both security and information technology. Here are five key skills to work on developing as an information security analyst:

1. Information technology and networking

One essential skill for information security analysts is having an extensive understanding of information technology, which includes computer networking. Typically, security threats attack computer networks, a group of devices that are interconnected with one another, which makes an understanding of network protocols a key skill for information security analysts.

Staying up to date on information technology news can also benefit information security analysts. Information security analysts should consider making an effort to continue learning more about information technology and security in order to use the most updated practices and protect their organization's information as much as possible.

Related: The Top 20 Networking Certifications for Your IT Career

2. Identifying security threats

Understanding the different types of information security threats and attack patterns can allow you to recognize and effectively respond to threats to your organization's computer system. You can further develop your security skills and knowledge by taking courses in information security or completing information security certifications.

Related: Top 5 Security Certifications for IT Professionals

3. Analytical skills

Analytical skills are skills that involve analyzing information and thinking critically. One of the regular responsibilities of information security analysts is monitoring computer networks and searching for security threats, so having well-developed analytical skills is essential for information security analysts to investigate and respond to threats.

4. Problem-solving

If they notice a security threat, information security analysts often have to make a decision quickly to determine the most effective way to respond to the threat without compromising their organization's information. Information security analysts can also use problem-solving skills to resolve issues in their organization's computer systems and implement new ways to prevent these issues.

Related: Problem-Solving Skills: Definitions and Examples

5. Communication

One of the typical responsibilities of information security analysts is preparing reports on security information and communicating that information to people at all levels of the organization. Information security analysts can use communication skills to help them clearly explain security incidents and procedures to other information technology professionals and people who may not have a background in technology.

After security incidents occur, information security analysts may also need to document the incident or threat so that their organization can pursue litigation. Incident reports should be clear, well-written and easy to understand. This means that written communication skills, including skills in writing reports, can also be useful to information security analysts.

Related: Everything You Need To Know About the Importance of Interpersonal Communication at Work

Additional skills for information security analysts

Here are some additional skills that can benefit information security analysts:

  • Attention to detail: Since information security analysts monitor computer networks and responding to security threats, having strong attention to detail can help them to locate those security threats without overlooking important information.

  • Teamwork: Information security analysts often work with their colleagues to develop and implement security solutions, so being skilled in working on a team can make them more successful at their job.

  • Creativity: Creativity can benefit information security analysts by allowing them to think of innovative ways to maintain security and address security threats. Thinking creatively can also help information security analysts predict threats before they occur.

  • Working under pressure: Information security analysts respond to security threats quickly so that they can protect their organization's information. This means that it's important for them to work well under pressure.

  • Willingness to learn: To effectively protect their organizations against security threats, it's essential for information security analysts to be willing to learn continually. Technology and security threats can change over time, so it's important for information security analysts to stay informed on industry news and trends.

  • Writing: Technical writing skills can benefit information security analysts, as they sometimes need to write security guidelines and reports on security incidents. It's important for these reports to be accurate and understandable, so strong writing skills are essential.

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