How To Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Information Technology
By Indeed Editorial Team
Published October 7, 2022
The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.
Information technology (IT) is the study of computers, devices, applications and software. When pursuing a bachelor's degree in information technology, you often attend a school for four years while taking courses in computer science and software. If you're interested in earning a computer-related degree, learning more about this IT degree can be beneficial.
In this article, we explain what an information technology bachelor's degree is, detail the steps you can take to earn one, list the courses within the program, take a look at degree options and review jobs you can get after earning the degree.
What is an information technology bachelor's degree?
An information technology bachelor's degree is an educational credential that shows you completed a certain number of credits studying information technology. It often takes students four years to complete this degree, though it can take more or less time depending on how many credits a student completes each semester.
You need at least a high school diploma or GED to be eligible to enroll for a bachelor's degree. An information technology bachelor's degree is often the prerequisite for applying to master's degrees.
How to earn an information technology bachelor's degree
These are some steps you can follow to earn an information technology bachelor's degree:
1. Determine if an information technology bachelor's degree is right for you
The first step to pursuing an information technology degree is determining if it's the best choice for you. During an information technology course, you work closely with technology, learn about the history of computers and software and learn to use them yourself.
Those who enjoy learning more about technology and trying new methods for advancing programs and techniques may enjoy being information technology majors. If you want a position in technology like software analyst, operations analyst, computer systems specialist, database administrator or hardware engineer, earning an information technology degree may be right for you.
2. Research different schools to learn more about which may work best
Once you determine that an information technology degree is right for you, you can start researching schools. Consider factors like location, cost and program specifics. For example, you may learn more about a school's information technology professors and their teaching styles when determining if it's the best environment for you.
Some schools may integrate internships or hands-on experience, while others may have better in-house equipment for you to learn about computers and technology. Consider making a pros and cons list for each school to help you pick the one in which you can most flourish.
Related: What Can You Do With an IT Degree?
3. Assess your financial situation, complete the FAFSA and apply for aid
While considering schools to apply to, you can assess your financial situation. How much aid you require and the cost per credit at a school may affect your decision about which program to enroll in. During this time, you can also complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
Depending on how much you earn and your situation, the government may supply you with grants or low-interest loans to help you complete schooling. You can also reach out to representatives at various schools to apply for scholarships and aids specific to those institutions.
4. Apply for admission to various information technology programs
Different programs and institutions have differing requirements for admission. Consider applying to several programs so you can increase your likelihood of receiving acceptance.
You may need to complete the ACTs or SATs prior to applying for admission to some programs. Additionally, you may complete math or language tests to show your proficiency. Some universities may require that you write an admissions letter to explain your interest in enrolling there.
5. Create a course and credit plan for each semester to complete your degree
After receiving your acceptance offers, you can decide which school to attend and create a plan for graduating. Consider the requirements for credits and specific classes when making a plan. For example, some programs may require that you complete diversity or foreign language courses.
By creating a plan for graduation, you can ensure you take all the courses you need and avoid staying longer than you intend. You can meet with an advisor if you have questions about the program or the requirements.
6. Complete coursework, pass tests and connect with peers and professors
To earn your degree, you can complete the necessary credits. Attending class, completing projects and passing exams are all important components for completing your degree. While you're a student, consider connecting with your professors and peers to begin building your future professional network. You can also complete internships to develop your technology and interpersonal skills.
What courses are required for an information technology bachelor's degree?
The courses you take can vary depending on the program you complete. These are some courses required for an information technology bachelor's degree:
Technology graphics and design
Computer and information systems
Language and computers
Mathematics for information technology
Introduction to computer systems
Introduction to programming
Data structure and algorithm
Innovation and technology management
Networking and data communications
E-commerce and security
PC operating systems
Ethics in information technology
IT service learning
Information technology degree options to consider
These are some degree options for someone looking to advance their career in this field:
Cybersecurity: This degree program helps you learn about information technology and how to keep systems secure and safe from outside sources. Many information technology professionals rely on cybersecurity knowledge to ensure the systems they create and use can protect the organization's data.
Programming: Programming is the process of writing code with which to create an application or program. By earning a programming degree, you can gain the skills you need to work with teams of software developers and engineers to build new applications.
Data analytics: Data analytics professionals can work in many different environments to assess information. They use their understanding of statistics and data to identify trends and potential changes in an industry or field.
Networking: When you earn a computer networking degree, you learn more about how different devices connect to one another through the internet. The skills you gain can help you design, develop and maintain communication pathways.
6 career paths after earning an information technology bachelor's degree
These are some jobs you can do with an information technology bachelor's degree:
National average salary: $51,360 per year
Primary duties: An information technology technician is a professional who works in an entry-level computer science position. Information technology technicians often work within an organization or company to help them design and use their They troubleshoot computer issues within an organization, solve problems, install new programs and help users understand their devices and the applications on them.
National average salary: $59,359 per year
Primary duties: A support specialist often works with customers to help them understand the products they're using and solve their issues. A support specialist may help customers over the phone, through chats or in person, depending on where they work. For example, a customer may struggle to log in to their account and use services, and a support specialist may help them identify the issues and resolve them to get into their account.
National average salary: $89,811 per year
Primary duties: A database administrator understands how to use various database software and programs. They organize information for companies and organizations and develop systems for authorizing users and keeping records. The information they organize may include financial information and shipping records.
National average salary: $94,503 per year
Primary duties: A software engineer develops programs, systems and applications for use on computers and other devices. This can include many types of programs, like word processors, databases, video games, mobile applications and operating systems.
National average salary: $110,173 per year
Primary duties: Computer scientists study technology, computer networks and programs. They may examine the code within various software and find weak spots that can expose the applications to malware and outside forces. Some computer scientists may work with artificial intelligence and robotics.
National average salary: $113,370 per year
Primary duties: The director of information technology is a leader and manager who oversees the operations and strategies within the information technology department and an organization. They may determine which software and hardware to use throughout a company, or decide which technology options can best serve operations.
For the most up-to-date salary information from Indeed, click on the link(s) provided.
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