One personality test many people use when exploring career options is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®(MBTI®). This assessment provides a general framework for understanding more about your personality, including the way you perceive the world and your decision-making process. Understanding the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types can also help you understand the people you work with and how to best communicate with them. In this article, we discuss the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types and where you will find each type of personality in the workplace.
What are the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types?
The 16 Myers-Briggs personality types are drawn from the following four categories:
Extraversion or Introversion
The first category relates to the way you focus your efforts and thoughts. If you are more inclined to exert yourself toward things outside of yourself, including interacting with other people and exploring the world, you are likely an extravert. If you prefer to focus internally, with your energy devoted to reflection and consideration of ideas, beliefs and information, you are an introvert.
Sensing or Intuition
The second category in a Meyers-Briggs personality type is determined by how you process information. If you tend to process information based on what you can see, or experience directly or through facts, then you are a sensing individual. If you learn by assessing or instinct, then you are likely guided by intuition.
Thinking or Feeling
The next category relates to how you make decisions. An individual with a thinking designation trusts in logic when making decisions. A feeling person is more likely to react to situations emotionally, allowing feelings to guide their decision-making process.
Judging or Perceiving
The final category is determined by how much structure you like to have in your daily life. When you place a priority on organization and long-term plans, that is an indication that you are a judging person. Individuals who are more adaptable are considered to be perceiving.
Related: Guide: 16 Personality Types
Myers-Briggs personality types
Understanding the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types can help you better understand and communicate with the people in your workplace. Here are the 16 personality types:
ISTJ (Introversion Sensing Thinking Judging)
The combination of introspective thought and a firm adherence to logic and structure makes an ISTJ a highly effective employee. In the workplace, an ISTJ type will excel in positions that require organization, such as administrative roles and accounting roles, and can operate well without the need for close oversight and management. An ISTJ often puts a high value on learning, leading to a diverse skill set and is often the type of employee that can advance and accept new responsibilities.
Related: Best Careers for ISTJ Personalities
ISTP (Introversion Sensing Thinking Perceiving)
Although similar to ISTJ types, an ISTP is less bound to structure in their daily life. In the workplace, this type is well-suited for practical fields, such as artisan construction and design. A commitment to learning and introspective study is useful for developing the skills needed to excel, while the ability to react in the moment and operate outside of normal constructs on occasion provides the creative intuition needed to make unique constructions. An ISTP type will often enjoy jobs that allow them to work independently for much of the day so this type is an excellent employee in roles where you need them to be proactive with solutions
Related: Best Careers for ISTP Personalities
ISFJ (Introversion Sensing Feeling Judging)
This personality type is well-suited for service and health care positions, as ISFJs are inclined to infer information from what they directly experience and work well when operating under strict guidelines. These individuals have a keen understanding of their own emotions and are often empathetic to those around them. In the workplace, they often seek analytical and support positions.
Related: Best Careers for ISFJ Personalities
ISFP (Introversion Sensing Feeling Perceiving)
The ISFP personality type is associated with creative professionals who tend to function best as individuals. Although an ISFP may prefer to base their decisions on a grounding of personal experience, they’re comfortable improvising and relying on their initial reactions and feelings as opposed to being strictly bound to logical thinking. In the workplace, they are easy to get along with, are great communicators and work well with little supervision.
Related: Best Careers for ISFP Personalities
INTJ (Introversion Intuition Thinking Judging)
With their mix of creative and logical thinking processes, INTJ personality types are well-equipped to succeed in roles where they are placed in charge of strategic planning. An INTJ enjoys spending time inwardly reflecting and assessing and prefers working according to a structured plan, which further increases their suitability for such a role.
In the workplace, this type tends to excel in fields like project management, where they can use their talents to lead a team in the completion of a project.
Related: Best Careers for INTJ Personalities
INTP (Introversion Intuition Thinking Perceiving)
INTPs tend to be creative thinkers who excel in less conventional working opportunities. An INTP may prefer to work in a setting where they have a great deal of creative freedom to approach their tasks in unique ways and if given the choice, they would probably like to work with minimal direct oversight before completing a project.
Although an INTP does like to base their decisions on logical conclusions, they also enjoy challenging traditional approaches and identifying more efficient ways of completing tasks. For this reason, they are great team players in the workplace and do well in positions that offer a chance to brainstorm or lead discussions.
Related: Best Careers for INTP Personalities
INFJ (Introversion Intuition Feeling Judging)
The INFJ is commonly drawn to a field where they can work with others and help them fit into a larger framework effectively, such as human resources or counseling. Their strong ability to read situations and relate to others through their own experiences makes it easier to form bonds. In the workplace, their tendency toward structure and guidelines can help them assist others in training and learning new ideas.
Related: Best Careers for INFJ Personalities
INFP (Introversion Intuition Feeling Perceiving)
INFPs are highly creative, introverted individuals. Their intuitive and feeling approaches to daily life mean they place more weight on what they feel. They also tend to prefer an open working environment where they are free to create without strict guidelines. In the workplace, they often excel in positions where they are tasked with addressing a long-term approach for a company and providing smaller objectives for others to achieve the goal.
Related: Best Careers for INFP Personalities
ESTJ (Extraversion Sensing Thinking Judging)
An ESTJ professional can be an excellent fit for a management or supervisory position within a company. As an extrovert, they are comfortable working with others, while their natural inclination toward order means they are adept at keeping a team within a company’s guidelines. They often work well when paired with one or more staff members who are more creatively attuned.
Related: Best Careers for ESTJ Personalities
ESTP (Extraversion Sensing Thinking Perceiving)
ESTPs tend to be motivated professionals who like to interpret guidelines. ESTPs work well with others and like to make decisions by analyzing data and facts. While much of their approach is highly traditional, an ESTP is likely to apply the information they gather to pursue new methods. . Often, ESTPs are the innovators of their fields and they thrive in office environments that allow them to be creative and innovative.
Related: Best Careers for ESTP Personalities
ESFJ (Extraversion Sensing Feeling Judging)
These individuals are best suited to work in structured environments that require them to understand and respond to the feelings and needs of others, such as health care or service positions. An ESFJ is likely to be detail oriented and comfortable working within a set framework of responsibilities and procedures. They are also adept at reading others and creating a comfortable work environment. They tend to be the type of coworker who listens to concerns and helps to problem-solve.
Related: Best Careers for ESFJ Personalities
ESFP (Extraversion Sensing Feeling Perceiving)
This is the most common personality type for individuals who work in performative fields. ESFPs' extroverted nature means they are comfortable performing in front of large groups, and a willingness to react in the moment and remain tuned into their emotions and the emotions of those around them can yield powerful performances. They prefer flexible work environments and are great go-to employees for giving presentations and leading discussions.
Related: Best Careers for ESFP Personalities
ENTJ (Extraversion Intuition Thinking Judging)
An individual with an ENTJ classification is likely to excel in a leadership position within a creative field, such as marketing or product development. They have the ability to command a room, and their preference for a logical and structured approach to completing tasks is useful for keeping projects on schedule. In the workplace, they are great at identifying opportunities to improve and know how to create innovative approaches to common challenges.
Related: Best Careers for ENTJ Personalities
ENTP (Extraversion Intuition Thinking Perceiving)
ENTPs are extraverted and highly analytical. They enjoy finding creative solutions to problems and will thrive in a setting where they have the freedom to pursue alternative courses of action. All of these traits combine with a strong belief in the value of logic over emotion to create a mind well-suited to analyzing a set of information and identifying new, more effective approaches. In the workplace, this type does well with analytical tasks and goal-oriented projects where data needs to be assessed and new processes implemented.
Related: Best Careers for ENTP Personalities
ENFJ (Extraversion Intuition Feeling Judging)
An ENFJ type is usually an engaging person who can make friends wherever they work. Although they have a strong connection with their own feelings and those of others around them, they maintain a preference for working within a well-defined set of guidelines. These skills can be applied across a variety of industries in any position where structured work is important, such as teaching or managing. This type is a loyal employee and empathetic coworker and performs well as part of a team.
Related: Best Careers for ENFJ Personalities
ENFP (Extraversion Intuition Feeling Perceiving)
Those with ENFP classification are often charming and extroverted. In the workplace, they are excellent at working in a large group and prefer to make their own plans and passionately defend the viability of their proposed solutions. They are less interested in assessing the logical value of a proposal than they are in assessing its emotional appeal.
Related: Best Careers for ENFP Personalities