Software testers evaluate computer software and applications to ensure they work properly. If you want to work in IT or software development, you may consider pursuing this role as a fresher or entry-level candidate. These professionals play a valuable role in the software development process and can use this experience to build essential IT skills and advance their careers. In this article, we discuss this profession and provide steps to get a software testing job as a fresher.
What is a testing fresher?
A software tester is responsible for assessing computer systems or programs to ensure they meet performance and other requirements. They often perform manual or automated tests to identify and resolve bugs. These professionals help ensure quality control and provide support during the software development process. A fresher may represent an individual who has recently graduated from school or is about to graduate. As a result, individuals pursuing this career as an entry-level candidate or student are sometimes called testing freshers.
What does a testing fresher do?
Testing freshers represent entry-level software testers. These professionals' primary duty is to test software applications to understand how they function and ensure they are ready for consumer use. Their other responsibilities may include:
- Testing software systems
- Developing automation scripts for applications
- Identifying software defects and inconsistencies
- Suggesting solutions to software developers
- Reviewing code and searching for bugs
- Documenting findings and creating reports on applications
- Collaborating with IT team members on software development and improvement
- Preparing testing cases to review software functionality
- Ensuring software applications meet requirements
How to get a testing job as a fresher
Getting a job as a tester requires several specific qualifications and knowledge. You can use the following steps to help pursue testing jobs as a fresher:
1. Acquire an undergraduate degree
Employers typically seek candidates who have at least a bachelor's degree in a relevant field. Examples of relevant degrees for software testers include computer science, engineering or math. Your coursework can provide you the technical knowledge and skills needed to perform software testing responsibilities. For example, computer science programs teach you how computers work, how to use programming languages and how to identify and solve system and software issues.
Related: Top 8 Computer Science Majors
2. Gain relevant experience
When possible, gain software experience during college through internships or work-study programs. These opportunities can help you build an impressive resume by the time you graduate. For example, you may look for opportunities to work for your school's IT department and provide technical support to students. This work experience can also strengthen your troubleshooting skills.
3. Develop your technical skills
Software testers need to have technical skills and knowledge to perform their job successfully. To identify the skills sought by employers in this field, you can review job descriptions. You can learn many of these technical skills, such as programming and using testing tools, during your undergraduate degree. You may also find it helpful to participate in workshops or specialized online courses. Including additional training on your resume can also help impress potential employers as a software testing fresher because it demonstrates your commitment to professional development.
4. Consider pursuing certifications
When seeking a software testing career, you may want to consider earning certifications that demonstrate your knowledge and skills. Again, you can review job postings in your industry to determine which certifications employers prefer or require. For example, you can obtain certifications from testing boards like the American Software Testing Qualifications Board (ASTQB) or the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB). These certifications can assess the areas of expertise and levels of experience with applications that you should have familiarity with as a software tester.
5. Choose a specialization
When pursuing a career in software testing, you may consider choosing a specialization. Your specialization can help differentiate you from other candidates and demonstrate your expertise in a particular testing methodology. However, you should still maintain general knowledge of various testing methodologies to build your skill set. Examples of typical testing specializations include:
- Manual testing: In this testing methodology, the software tester acts like the end-user. The tester uses the software and its features to identify issues, including bugs, manually.
- Automation testing: In this testing methodology, the software tester creates scripts that automate manual testing activities to evaluate the software.
- Performance testing: In this testing methodology, the software tester tests the software against different scenarios. This method enables the tester to evaluate the user experience and ensure the software performs well.
6. Build your network
Building your network means meeting industry professionals and forming relationships that can help advance your career. You may meet fellow IT professionals during college or internships, along with any other training opportunities you participate in throughout your career. When you enter the workforce, having a strong professional network can support your job search. These connections may help you find job opportunities or serve as references for you.
7. Write an outstanding resume
When entering the workforce, submitting a solid resume can help get you noticed by employers. Your resume should express your interest in the role and outline the qualifications that make you the right candidate. You may also consider including a cover letter with your application to provide more details about yourself and enthusiasm for the opportunity.
To create an effective resume, you can start by reviewing the job description. Identify keywords related to the skills and qualifications sought by the employer, then determine how your background aligns with them. You can highlight those keywords and qualifications throughout your resume to prove you fit the employer's needs. Before submitting your resume, make sure to review it for errors. Taking this step can also demonstrate your attention to detail, an essential skill for software testers whose job is to analyze code and detect errors.
What skills are necessary for testing freshers?
Testing freshers can learn what in-demand skills employers in the industry seek by reviewing job postings. Here are some common hard and soft skills used in software testing roles:
Programming: Knowing common programming languages can help software testers understand the functionality of computer systems and applications and identify errors.
Automation: Understanding how and when to implement automated software testing processes can help software testers complete routine tasks more efficiently.
Computer skills: Software testers may work exclusively on computers, so having basic computer skills and literacy enables them to perform their various job responsibilities.
Analysis: Software testers review code and applications to detect errors or issues. Analytical thinking skills enable them to carefully analyze data and form conclusions on the next steps to pursue.
Communication: Software testers need strong writing and speaking skills to present information to clients, collaborate with software programmers and report on issues they identify during their testing.
Creativity: Utilizing unique ways of thinking can help software testers ask questions and design tests to evaluate an application from different perspectives.
Problem-solving: When software testers find issues, they can use problem-solving skills to identify and create ways to resolve the error or improve the application.
Related: 18 Software Tester Skills
What is the salary for testing freshers?
As mentioned, a testing fresher represents an entry-level software testing position. The average salary for an entry-level software engineer is $86,170 per year, while the average salary for a software testing engineer is $97,559 per year. Your salary may vary based on your level of experience, location or place of employment. You can also use this position to gain experience and seek more advanced roles, such as software developer or software architect.