A science career is a great option if you are looking for a role that is varied, rewarding and challenging. A career in science allows you to improve people’s lives and help to develop your knowledge and understanding of people, nature and the world around us. Finding the right science career can take time and research. In this article, we explore a variety of science careers, including the primary responsibilities for each role and the average salary to make it easier for you to find the right position.
Related: Jobs That Pay Well
What are science careers?
Science careers refer to a collective group of jobs in the field of science. Science careers include disciplines like:
Biotechnology: includes agriculture, human health, environmental protection, biofuels and pharmaceuticals
Biological science: includes biology, ecology, immunology, neuroscience, medicine and conservation
Natural science: a broad field that includes chemistry, physics, astronomy, oceanography, atmospheric science and geology
Veterinary science: a branch of medicine that includes the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases in animals
Related: 15 Top Chemistry Jobs
10 science jobs
Here are some fascinating jobs available within the science field. (For the most up-to-date salary information from Indeed, click on the salary link below).
- Laboratory technician
- Forensic specialist
- Environmental scientist
- Research science
- Senior scientist
National average salary: $18.47 per hour
Primary duties: A laboratory technician helps physicians diagnose and treat diseases. Some of their primary responsibilities include performing tests on blood, tissue and other body fluids, designing and executing lab testing according to procedures and conducting experiments using scientific methods.
National average salary: $44,901 per year
Primary duties: A forensic scientist helps to investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing evidence. Forensic scientists usually specialize in laboratory analysis or crime scene investigation and their primary duties include documenting and preserving evidence, performing tests analyzing the evidence and reporting their findings in a written report for investigators and prosecutors.
National average salary: $62,023 per year
Primary duties: An archaeologist is a person who studies, analyzes and recovers recent and prehistoric human past by excavating, dating and interpreting objects and historical sites. Their primary responsibilities include performing archival research, making presentations to the public, conducting excavation with shovels and other tools, washing, bagging and labeling artifacts, completing field forms and preparing profile and plan view field drawings and consulting with the team about laws and regulations concerning cultural resources.
National average salary: $62,228 per year
Primary duties: Chemistry is a field of science that focuses on chemical substances and how they interact with one another and a chemist is a scientist who studies chemistry. Their primary responsibilities include preparing test solutions, compounds and reagents, analyzing organic and inorganic compounds, developing and customizing products, formulas and analytical methods and writing technical papers and reports.
National average salary: $65,272 per year
Primary duties: A geologist studies the earth’s processes, such as landslides, floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions to survey the land and create safe building plans. They investigate metals and minerals as well as look for natural gas, water, oil and methods for extracting them.
Their primary responsibilities include investigating the structure and evolution of the earth, surveying and mapping sites, collecting and recording samples, analyzing data, preparing reports and advising managerial and technical staff.
National average salary: $68,629 per year
Primary duties: Environmental scientists research environmental and health problems to identify the cause and come up with solutions. They research to increase our understanding of the world and make recommendations for managing problems.
Their primary responsibilities include gathering and analyzing environmental data, including air, water and soil, performing environmental experiments, developing ways to control or reduce human impact on the environment and developing and enforcing environmental standards and practices.
National average salary: $72,448 per year
Primary duties: A biologist can take their career in a variety of directions depending on their interests. They generally study animals, humans, plants or even bacteria to develop knowledge and understanding of living processes. They use this information for a wide variety of purposes, including sustaining natural environments or treating diseases.
While their specific responsibilities can vary depending on the specific field of study they work within, some of their primary duties include conducting research, performing tests and experiments, collecting samples and measurements and reporting their findings.
Related: Top 21 Biology Degree Jobs
National average salary: $80,887 per year
Primary duties: Research scientists design and analyze information collected from controlled laboratory investigations, trials and experiments. Their primary responsibilities include planning and conducting experiments, carrying out fieldwork, recording and analyzing data, presenting results to key stakeholders and writing papers and reports. Many also teach.
National average salary: $86,393 per year
Primary duties: An epidemiologist is a health professional who investigates the causes of disease and injury in humans. Their primary responsibilities include overseeing public health programs, investigating diseases and parasites, planning and directing studies and planning and evaluating health safety standards and programs.
10. Senior scientist
National average salary: $92,002 per year
Primary duties: A senior scientist designs and conducts studies to investigate human diseases and prepares and analyzes medical samples and data. Some of their primary responsibilities include preparing and analyzing samples and data to investigate the causes and treatment of diseases, standardizing drug potency and doses, developing programs to improve health and writing research grant proposals.