What Do Physicians Earn In Each State?
Physicians treat patients with a variety of illnesses and health concerns, and because their skills are so necessary, they are employed in locations all over the country, including large cities and small rural towns. Physicians' pay can vary depending on their location and where they work, as well as their experience level and specialty. If you're planning to become a physician or you already are a physician, you might wonder how physicians are paid in different states.
In this article, we explain what a physician is, what a physician does, how physicians can maximize their earning potential, what physician salaries by state are and what some physician specialties earn nationally.
What is a physician?
A physician is a health care professional who has completed medical school. Physicians are also called doctors, as they have a doctorate, and they may or may not have an area of specialty. Doctors who don't have a specialty but instead treat patients with a variety of conditions might work in emergency rooms, urgent care clinics or family medicine clinics. These doctors have to be prepared for a variety of situations and may refer patients to specialists. Doctors with a specialty include oncologists, who treat cancer patients; endocrinologists, who treat diseases of the endocrine system; and pediatricians, who treat children.
What does a physician do?
Physicians treat their patients' illnesses and injuries and make recommendations regarding remaining healthy. A physician works with other health care professionals such as nurses to evaluate patients through discussion, testing and examination. Physicians create treatment plans, including recommendations for how to prevent or treat a disease with medications or other methods. Physicians might refer patients to other physicians or health care professionals for specialized care, such as a family doctor referring a patient to a rheumatologist or a physical therapist. Some physicians are surgeons, and in addition to evaluating patients, they may perform surgery on them as needed.
How can physicians maximize earning potential?
There are many ways that physicians can maximize their earning potential. One way is to work in an area where the pay for physicians is higher than average, but the cost of living isn't too high, so that the added amount of earnings isn't all spent on bills. Another way is to become a specialist in a field that is in demand, as those types of specialists often earn more. You could also take on side work, such as working as a professional speaker or author. You could also try to re-negotiate your contract or the salary you're paid.
Related: 9 Steps To Become a Physician
Physician salaries by state
According to Indeed Salaries, the national average salary for a physician is $248,430 per year. Here are physician salaries by state from the same source:
Alabama: $311,920 per year
Alaska: $236,821 per year
Arizona: $256,512 per year
Arkansas: $214,697 per year
California: $217,270 per year
Colorado: $270,074 per year
Connecticut: $201,217 per year
Delaware: $160,707 per year
Florida: $185,402 per year
Georgia: $235,365 per year
Hawaii: $190,366 per year
Idaho: $233,526 per year
Illinois: $262,914 per year
Indiana: $267,187 per year
Iowa: $318,598 per year
Kansas: $289,522 per year
Kentucky: $262,048 per year
Louisiana: $268,768 per year
Maine: $193,508 per year
Maryland: $217,366 per year
Massachusetts: $261,922 per year
Michigan: $257,513 per year
Minnesota: $279,709 per year
Mississippi: $193,660 per year
Missouri: $243,068 per year
Montana: $232,567 per year
Nebraska: $160,965 per year
Nevada: $232,320 per year
New Hampshire: $242,351 per year
New Jersey: $296,682 per year
New Mexico: $225,347 per year
New York: $234,345 per year
North Carolina: $241,112 per year
North Dakota: $286,992 per year
Ohio: $251,548 per year
Oklahoma: $228,219 per year
Oregon: $267,825 per year
Pennsylvania: $257,075 per year
Rhode Island: $261,009 per year
South Carolina: $248,954 per year
South Dakota: $266,217 per year
Tennessee: $250,000 per year
Texas: $290,494 per year
Utah: $137,745 per year
Vermont: $304,794 per year
Virginia: $263,861 per year
Washington: $258,575 per year
West Virginia: $281,613 per year
Wisconsin: $280,032 per year
Wyoming: $266,267 per year
Average physician salaries by discipline
Here are how different types of physicians are paid, based on the national average for these specialties:
National average salary: $181,433 per year
Primary duties: A pediatrician is a doctor who specializes in treating children and young adults under the age of 21. Pediatricians are often fairly general doctors who treat a wide variety of common illnesses, however there are specialist pediatricians as well. Pediatricians are knowledgeable about how to treat and examine kids effectively.
Related: Learn About Being a Pediatrician
National average salary: $221,963 per year
Primary duties: A family medicine physician is a type of doctor who treats patients of all ages who need a general doctor to see. Family medicine physicians often treat common illnesses like the flu, provide vaccinations, conduct physical examinations and make referrals to specialists. Family medicine physicians usually work in clinics.
National average salary: $247,631 per year
Primary duties: An endocrinologist is a type of doctor who diagnoses and treats illnesses related to the endocrine system. The endocrine system is the system that produces hormones, so these doctors treat hormone issues within the ovaries, testicles, pancreas, thyroid and more.
Related: Learn About Being an Endocrinologist
National average salary: $258,604 per year
Primary duties: A rheumatologist is a type of doctor who diagnoses and treats autoimmune disorders and musculoskeletal diseases. Rheumatologists may treat patients of all ages, if the patients have symptoms that are potentially related to their area of expertise.
Related: Learn About Being a Rheumatologist
National average salary: $270,963 per year
Primary duties: A dermatologist is a doctor that specializes in diagnosing and treating illnesses on the skin. Dermatologists usually see patients who are referred to them by primary care physicians to help patients understand what their symptoms are caused by. Dermatologists work in hospitals, clinics and other health care facilities.
Related: Learn About Being a Dermatologist
National average salary: $268,978 per year
Primary duties: An oncologist is a physician that specializes in diagnosing and treating different types of cancer. Oncologists are specialists that a patient is often referred to when there's a concern cancer is present, and then they oversee that patient's treatment if it is cancer. This can include prescribing treatments like surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.