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There are not any formal requirements to become a dog walker, although some agencies might ask you to take a test to show your competency with animals. Generally speaking, dog walkers are long-time dog owners themselves who have learned about dog care and behavior from their life experiences. Oftentimes, the most successful dog walkers are those with a background in veterinary health, since owners are willing to pay a premium for those with a formal background in animal care.
Dog walkers need to have compassion and patience as they work with dogs. They also need to have good customer service skills as they work with the owners of the animals who may have very specific requests for the care of their dogs. Dog walkers also need to be reliable and have great physical stamina. They'll be on their feet for hours and controlling large dogs that may pull on their leashes.
The job outlook for dog walkers is particularly good. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the field will grow 22% between 2016 and 2026, which is much faster than the growth of the general job market.