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There are two main paths to qualifying as an electrician: you can begin as an apprentice and learn from qualified electricians on the job or you can attend a trade school and learn in the classroom. Some electricians will do both by starting at a trade school and then completing their training through an apprenticeship. Your state will require you to complete a set number of hours of practical work before you're eligible to sit the journeyman electrician test. Once you pass that, you can work as an electrician and, once you have developed your skills with more work experience, you will be eligible to take the master electrician test, which is the highest level of qualification for electricians.
Many electricians work in public places, dealing with customers directly, so customer service skills are important. Electricians will often be required to explain what they are doing to their customers and clients, so good communication skills will also be helpful.