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What does a Scientist do?

A scientist is a scholar who systematically gathers and uses research evidence, makes a hypothesis and tests it to gain and share knowledge and understanding. You can define a scientist by how they go about research, what they seek to understand and where they apply their science.

Working as a Scientist

Working as a scientist involves

  • Sharing understanding and knowledge to train the future generation of scientists
  • Providing operational scientific services in numerous ways
  • Reassuring the public that technology and systems are safe and reliable, through regulation and monitoring
  • Using technical and scientific knowledge and their understanding of government and policy-making procedures to ensure that policies and legislation have a sound evidence base
  • Digging into the unknown understanding, observing, mapping and piecing together data and in-depth knowledge and setting out a landscape for other professionals to translate and develop

How much does a Scientist make in the United States?

Average base salary
4.1k salaries reported, updated at May 28, 2020
per year
The average salary for a scientist is $101,508 per year in the United States.
Most common benefits
  • Health insurance
  • Stock options
  • Flexible spending account
  • Referral program
  • 401(k)

Where can a Scientist earn more?

Compare salaries for Scientists in different locations
Frequently asked questions
Common questions about being a Scientist

What is a scientist?

Science is a broad field that encompasses a range of roles. It can generally be divided into three fields that can include the following roles:

  • Formal sciences (such as statistician, data scientist and systems scientist)
  • Natural sciences (such as a pharmacologist, geologist, nuclear physicist)
  • Social sciences (such as anthropologist, communicator scientist and political scientist)
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What does a chemical scientist do?

A chemical scientist works in fields such as material or chemistry sciences. They may work in academia and split their time between instructing students and conducting laboratory research.

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What does an atmospheric scientist do?

An atmospheric scientist studies the earth's atmosphere, which is the layer of gases surrounding the planet. Although the earth's atmosphere is their primary object of study, they may also study other planets' atmosphere.

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What are the different medical science jobs?

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