Front End Developer Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

Last updated: June 22, 2022

A Front End Developer, or Front End Web Developer, is responsible for using their knowledge of programming languages to code user-side applications, including visual elements like menu bars, clickable buttons and the overall layout of websites or web applications. Their duties include communicating with clients to identify their needs, optimizing websites for different formats like desktops and mobile phones and running tests to ensure code strings perform the correct functions.

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Front End Developer duties and responsibilities

A Front End Developer’s main goal is to combine technology and design to create inviting, easy-to-use websites for consumers. In order to accomplish this goal, they need to be able to handle the following day-to-day duties:

  • Working with clients to develop the overall look and design of a website
  • Writing website code with programming languages such as HTML, C++ and Java
  • Producing, maintaining and modifying websites and user interfaces
  • Incorporating applications, graphics, audio and video clips into client websites
  • Creating tools that enhance the user’s website experience
  • Ensuring websites are accessible across many platforms, including laptops and smartphones
  • Routinely testing websites for ease of use, speed and other quality factors
  • Fixing any website issues or bugs that arise
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What does a Front End Developer do?

Front End Developers typically work for corporations across industries as members of the IT department, but they also work for software companies and work as self-employed individuals. They work closely with other Web Developers and IT professionals to design and troubleshoot unique software and web applications. Their job is to code websites, check their work and preview website layouts to see how code strings influence their designs. 

They may also be responsible for using client feedback to make adjustments to current projects to accommodate their needs better.

Front End Developer skills and qualifications

A Front End Developer should have advanced technical skills and strong interpersonal skills to be effective on the job, including:

  • Proficiency in website programming languages such as HTML, C#, CSS, Python, C++ and JavaScript
  • Understanding of key website design principles and SEO optimization
  • Ability to use client input to create functional, creative and user-friendly webpages
  • Ability to test and debug websites
  • Analytical and detail-oriented
  • Excellent verbal and written communication skills
  • Advanced problem-solving skills
  • Observant and able to remain focused on tasks for long periods of time

Front End Developer salary expectations

The average salary for Front End Developers in the United States is $107,443 per year. The actual salary for a qualified candidate may vary depending on their work experience, specific skills and educational background. Your office location and company size may also affect the salary.

Front End Developer education and training requirements

Front End Developers must have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, computer engineering or a related field. Candidates must demonstrate proficiency in programming languages such as HTML, C#, JavaScript and SQL. Front End Developers should also have a thorough understanding of web design and SEO optimization. Most employers prefer applicants who have trained in cross-platform website design and keep themselves up to date on new website tools and languages as they enter the workforce.

Front End Developer experience requirements

Front End Developers should have several years of experience in web or app development. Past experience and work in cross-platform web design is a plus. Front End Developers who are heavily involved in the visual appearance of websites should have work experience in graphic design as well. Many employers look for candidates who have a portfolio of their work and code as proof of their experience and abilities.

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Frequently asked questions about Front End Developers


What is the difference between a Front End Developer and a Back End Developer?

Front End Developers and Back End Developers work closely with one another to design, troubleshoot and update websites or web applications. However, they focus on coding different parts of those applications. For example, Front End Developers specialize in the user side of a web application, which includes everything a web user sees and interacts with on a webpage including drop-down menus, carousel images, banner ads or text icons. 

In contrast, Back End Developers focus on the server-side of a web application. This means that they create code strings to develop the framework of a web application, which supports the code created by the Front End Developer.


What are the daily duties of a Front End Developer?

On a typical day, a Front End Developer starts by reviewing upcoming deadlines for their assignments. Throughout the day, Front End Developers participate in meetings with the web development team. They discuss the progress of their assignments and ask for an extension for assignments that require more time to perfect. Once back at their desk, Front End Developers create code for websites and web applications, being sure to check their work and make corrections as they go.


What qualities make a good Front End Developer?

A good Front End Developer values continued education. This quality inspires them to pursue advanced certification courses for front end development or a particular coding language. They enjoy working as part of a team and ask other Web Developers for assistance in creating or troubleshooting web applications. Further, a good Front End Developer values constructive feedback from clients and uses their feedback to deliver a product that aligns best with client needs. A good Front End Developer also has a commitment to quality.


Who does a Front End Developer report to?

A Front End Developer typically reports to a Senior Front End Developer or a Web Development Manager when working for software companies. Front End Developers working for corporations usually work in the IT department and report directly to the IT Manager. Freelance Front End Developers report directly to their client to receive feedback about current projects.

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