Pediatrician Job Description: Top Duties and Qualifications

A Pediatrician, or Pediatric Physician, is responsible for performing routine health assessments of children to check for injuries, illnesses or disabilities. Their duties include communicating with patients and their parents to help them maintain healthy habits, administering vaccinations for common viruses or allergies and referring patients to specialists based on their needs.

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Pediatrician duties and responsibilities

Pediatricians use checks and screenings to supervise children’s growth and health. These doctors also give immunizations and booster shots for diseases like hepatitis, diphtheria and measles. Those immunizations are important to the health of children and young adults. Being clear about your company’s treatment processes with the new hire is essential to hiring the right person. Always aim to hire someone who understands the importance of putting patients first. 

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Pediatrician Job Description Examples

What does a Pediatrician do?

Pediatricians typically work for hospitals, private practices and clinical facilities to perform routine medical checkups and diagnose ailments in children between the ages of zero and 18. They work closely with other professionals to maintain accurate patient records and coordinate appointment schedules. Their job is to greet patients, ask about any changes in their health and use medical tools to check their blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and other vitals. They may also be responsible for communicating with concerned parents after work hours to determine what to do about their ill or injured child.

Pediatrician skills and qualifications

Create a list of skills and qualifications you want the applicant to possess. Narrow the list to the 5-10 most important skills and include those in the job description. 

  • Social perceptiveness in the workplace
  • Time management
  • Complex problem-solving skills 
  • Use data to investigate problems 
  • Plan healthcare treatment plans
  • Exceptional teamwork skills
  • Good attitude

Pediatrician salary expectations

A pediatrician makes an average of $179,777 per year. Salary may depend on level of experience, education and the geographical location. 

Pediatrician education and training requirements

Education requirements for the career of a Pediatrician consist of an undergraduate degree followed by a four-year degree from an accredited medical school. A three-year residency program from an accredited pediatric program is also required. The candidate must complete and pass the national board exam in order to obtain a proper license to practice medicine on children and young adults. The candidate will also need to obtain recertification every seven years. 

Pediatrician experience requirements

Searching for the perfect candidate to fill a pediatric position can be tough. Children are sensitive to who their doctor is when they start to become older. Choosing someone who is uplifting and sensitive to the needs of others is a great quality to replenish the work environment. 

Try to take the time to carefully choose someone who has work or volunteer experience. You want someone who truly wants the job and is happy to be a part of the team. A satisfied patient will come back for their own medical needs. A good Pediatrician will gain recognition by word of mouth between parents. 

Job description samples for similar positions

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Frequently asked questions about Pediatricians


What is the difference between a Pediatrician and a Pediatric Nurse?

The difference between a Pediatrician and a Pediatric Nurse is that Pediatricians hold more seniority due to their education and therefore have different job responsibilities when compared with Pediatric Nurses. For example, Pediatricians need to earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) with a specialty in osteopathy, followed by a residency period before becoming a fully qualified Pediatrician. In contrast, a Pediatric Nurse needs an associate degree or a bachelor’s degree in nursing, followed by the completion of the national licensing examination.

Due to their differences in education, Pediatricians are the ones who can prescribe medication, diagnose medical conditions and refer their patients to specialists. Pediatric Nurses can help Pediatricians by performing specific health assessments, administering vaccinations and updating patient information.


What are the daily duties of a Pediatrician?

On a typical day, a Pediatrician starts by checking their email and voicemail to see if they missed any messages from parents or healthcare professionals. They also check their schedule for the day to review patient portfolios ahead of each appointment. Throughout the day, they greet patients and their parents and ask questions about their health. They use computer software to review patient records and update their health information during the appointment. They also determine whether the patient needs any vaccinations or blood work. 

During the appointment, they use medical tools to check the child’s reflexes, eyesight, ears and nose. They also use a stethoscope to listen to the child’s breathing, and they may check for conditions like scoliosis. After each appointment, they update their patient’s medical records, order prescriptions for them and prepare for their next appointment.


What qualities make a good Pediatrician?

A good Pediatrician is someone who enjoys working with children. They have a personable nature that enables them to connect with their patients and make them feel comfortable during appointments. Pediatricians also need excellent interpersonal communication to adjust their communication when speaking with children and their parents. Further, a good Pediatrician has a dedication to their patients and assists parents even after regular working hours to help calm them and address their concerns for their child’s health.


Who does a Pediatrician report to?

A Pediatrician typically reports to the Senior Pediatrician or Head Pediatrician within a healthcare facility to receive patient assignments and consult with them about individual patients. Pediatricians may also report to the Clinical Manager or Clinical Director within a healthcare facility. These professionals oversee the hiring of healthcare staff and the implementation of policies and procedures to direct daily operations.

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