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How to Write a Job Description

Reviewed by Brendan Sullivan, Indeed Recruiter
4+ years of experience, 150+ roles filled

Crafting a compelling job description is essential to helping you attract the most qualified candidates for your job. With more than 25 million jobs listed on Indeed, a great job description can help your jobs stand out from the rest. Your job descriptions are where you start marketing your company and your job to your future hire.

The key to writing effective job descriptions is to find the perfect balance between providing enough detail so candidates understand the role and your company while keeping your description concise.

Use the tips and sample job descriptions below to create a compelling job listing.

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Job Description Examples

Need help writing a job description for a specific role? Use these job description examples to create your next great job posting. Or if you’re ready to hire, post your job on Indeed.

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    What Is a Job Description?

    A job description summarizes the essential responsibilities, activities, qualifications and skills for a role. Also known as a JD, this document describes the type of work performed.

    A job description should include important company details — company mission, culture and any benefits it provides to employees. It may also specify to whom the position reports and the salary range.

    An effective job description will provide enough detail for candidates to determine if they’re qualified for the position. Not only that, but according to an Indeed survey, 52% of job seekers say the quality of a job description is very or extremely influential on their decision to apply for a job.*

    Job description stats. Text reads: 52% of job seekers say the quality of a job description is very or extremely influential on their decision to apply for a job

    *Indeed survey, n=2,091

    Job Title

    Make your job titles specific. Targeted job titles are more effective than generic ones, so be precise by including key phrases that accurately describe the role. In fact, a 2020 Indeed survey found that 36% of job seekers that use job sites search for a job using the title of the job they’re looking for.*

    Job description stats. Text reads: 36% of job seekers that use job sites search for a job using the title of the job they're looking for

    *Indeed survey, n=2,091

    Avoid internal lingo that may confuse the job seeker. Stick to standard experience levels like “Senior” rather than “VI” or other terms people are less likely to look for. The language of your job description should be as inclusive as possible. Consider going over your finished job description and revising any verbiage that may be exclusionary to any groups of people who may be considering this opportunity.

    Job Summary

    Open with a strong, attention-grabbing summary. Your summary should provide an overview of your company and expectations for the position.

    Hook your reader with details about what makes your company unique. Your job description is an introduction to your company and your employer brand. Include details about your company culture to sum up why a candidate would love to work for you. An Indeed survey found that 72% of job seekers say it’s extremely or very important to see details about company culture in job descriptions.*

    Job description stats. Text reads: 72% of job seekers say it's extremely or very important to see details about company culture in job descriptions

    *Indeed survey, n=2,091

    Include an exact job location. Provide an exact job location to optimize your job posting so it appears higher in job search results.

    Responsibilities and Duties

    Outline the core responsibilities of the position. Make sure your list of responsibilities is detailed but concise. Also emphasize the duties that may be unique to your organization. For example, if you are hiring for an “Event Management” role and the position requires social media expertise to promote events, include this detail to ensure candidates understand the requirements and can determine if they’re qualified.

    Highlight the day-to-day activities of the position. This will help candidates understand the work environment and the activities they will be exposed to on a daily basis. This level of detail will help the candidate determine if the role and company are a right fit, helping you attract the best candidates for your position.

    Specify how the position fits into the organization. Indicate who the job reports to and how the person will function within your organization, helping candidates see the bigger picture and understand how the role impacts the business.

    Qualifications and Skills

    Include a list of hard and soft skills. Of course, the job description should specify
    education, previous job experience, certifications and technical skills required for the role.
    You may also include soft skills, like communication and problem solving, as well as personality
    traits that you envision for a successful hire.

    Keep your list concise. While you may be tempted to list out every requirement you envision for your ideal hire, including too many qualifications and skills could dissuade potential candidates. According to a 2018 Indeed survey, 63% of candidates said they chose not to apply for a job because they felt like they didn’t know the specific tools or skills listed in the job description. A further 47% said they didn’t apply because they didn’t have the specific years of experience listed in the job description.*

    That’s why it’s important to identify the must-haves vs nice-to-have skills and qualifications for the role to encourage a more diverse set of candidates to apply. 71% of the employers we surveyed said they’re already doing this.**

    Job description stat. Text reads: 71% of employers split the requirements of the role into must-haves vs nice-to-haves, which can attract a more diverse set of candidates

    *Indeed survey, n=607

    **Indeed survey, n=250

    Salary and Benefits

    Include a salary range. Quality candidates look for opportunities that meet their salary needs. However, according to a 2019 Indeed survey, almost 70% of candidates said they never or only occasionally saw job descriptions that included salary information.* Stand out from other employers by adding the salary band to your job description to help attract best fit candidates.

    Job description stat. Text reads: Almost one in four job seekers say that compensation is the most important part of a job description

    *Indeed survey, n=1,000

    List out your top perks and benefits. What’s in it for the candidate? Most jobseekers (83%) agree that a company’s benefits and perks have a significant impact on their decision of whether or not to accept a job offer there.* Encourage more people to apply by sharing the attractive rewards and benefits you offer your employees, such as:

    • Unlimited PTO
    • Flexible hours
    • Medical, dental and vision coverage
    • Office snacks
    • Tuition reimbursement
    • Dog-friendly office

    *Indeed survey, n=2,091

    Illustration of job description coming out of computer; text reads "Write an effective job description. •Use a clear concise title. • Open with an engaging summary. •Include job duties •List required qualifications.

    Brendan Sullivan is an Indeed recruiter based in Austin, TX with 4+ years of experience. You can usually find him enjoying one of the several amazing coffee shops in Austin or organizing his record collection.

    Two chefs, one wearing a red headband, review a laptop and take notes at a wooden table in a kitchen setting.

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    Frequently Asked Questions about job descriptions